1 call before a court to answer an indictment
2 accuse of a wrong or an inadequacy
- Rhymes: -eɪn
- To officially charge someone in a court of law.
Arraignment is a common law term for the formal reading of a criminal complaint, in the presence of the defendant, to inform him/her of the charges against him or her. In response to arraignment, the accused is expected to enter a plea. Acceptable pleas vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but they generally include "guilty", "not guilty", and the peremptory pleas (or pleas in bar), which set out reasons why a trial cannot proceed. In addition, US jurisdictions allow pleas of "nolo contendere" (no contest) and the "Alford plea" in some circumstances.
In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, arraignment is the first of eleven stages in a criminal trial, and involves the clerk of the court reading out the indictment. The defendant is asked whether he or she pleads guilty or not guilty to each individual charge.
Guilty and Not Guilty pleasIf the defendant pleads guilty an evidentiary hearing usually follows. The court is not required to accept a guilty plea. During that hearing the judge will assess the offense, mitigating factors, and the defendant's character; and then pass sentence. If the defendant pleads not guilty, a date will be set for a preliminary hearing or trial.
In the past, a defendant who refused to plead (or "stood mute") would be subject to peine forte et dure (Law French for "strong and hard punishment"). But today in all common law jurisdictions, defendants who refuse to enter a plea will have a plea of not guilty entered for them on their behalf.
The Federal Rules of Criminal ProcedureThe US Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure state: "...arraignment shall...[consist of an] open...reading [of] the indictment...to the defendant...and calling on him to plead thereto. He shall be given a copy of the indictment...before he is called upon to plead."
arraign in Indonesian: Arraignment
accuse, allege, anathematize, anathemize, animadvert on, article, blame, book, bring accusation, bring charges, bring to book, call to account, cast blame upon, cast reflection upon, censure, charge, cite, complain, complain against, condemn, criminate, cry down, cry out against, cry out on, cry shame upon, damn, decry, denounce, denunciate, fasten on, fasten upon, file a claim, finger, fulminate against, hang something on, have up, impeach, imply, impugn, impute, incriminate, inculpate, indict, inform against, inform on, insinuate, inveigh against, lay charges, lodge a complaint, lodge a plaint, pin on, prefer charges, press charges, pull up, put on report, reflect upon, report, reprehend, reproach, reprobate, shake up, summon, take to task, task, taunt with, tax, test, try, twit